Category Archives: history

Clam cake aficionados author book, share their knowledge of ‘Rhode Island Clam Shacks’

Just the thought of clam cakes and chowder can conjure memories, images and smells and set taste buds watering for most New Englanders. The nostalgia of clam bakes of the past has been preserved with the publication of a new “Images of America” series called “Rhode Island Clam Shacks.” The book was created by clam cake experts David Norton Stone, a Warwick native and resident, and Christopher Scott Martin, co- creator and curator of the popular online site

Stone, a Hendricken High School graduate and a self-proclaimed food historian, has also penned “Clamcake Summer: One Man Eats Every Clamcake in Rhode Island (Or Dies Frying),” “Stuffie Summer,” and “Chowder Summer.” The two have been researching the clam shacks project for about a year, gathering and scanning antique postcards, ephemera, family photos and information shared by clam shack owners and their descendants. The book, published by Arcadia Publishing Company, was the subject of a launch party at the Providence Public Library on May 15 – images from the library’s digital collection appear in the book – and the duo have been traveling to local libraries, museums and historical societies to share their work.

Stone and Martin recently participated in a “clam cake crawl” around the state, sampling (re-sampling) some of the best that Rhode Island has to offer.  The book includes more than 200 images, anecdotes and history of many well-known (some no longer in existence) clam shacks, all pre-dating 1970.

The authors visited the Johnston Historical Society on Wednesday, June 28, where Martin is a longtime member and where Stone has spoken in the past, to talk about their new book and sign copies. (Johnston Historical Society president Louis McGowan, a post card collector, also contributed images for the book.)

Stone and Martin are planning future talks, and have been invited to visit the Crow’s Nest of Apponaug to speak on July 16.  They were recently invited to attend an invitation-only 30th anniversary party for Evelyn’s, also featured in the book.

The book includes several clam shacks from the Warwick area, including Gus’s and Mrs. Gus’s, both formerly located in Oakland Beach (now the site of Iggy’s). Of particular interest are reproductions of old menus (and their prices), as well as photos of proper Rhode Island clam bakes.

Also included, Rocky Point’s “World’s Largest Shore Dinner Hall” – Stone points out that there were four different buildings over the course of its history – “built not near the bay, but right over the water.” (Stone worked at Rocky Point for a summer during college).

The book also includes information on the devastating effects of hurricanes in 1938 and 1954 to the Rhode Island shoreline, where many of these clam shacks were situated. According to information from a caption in the book, Rocky Point’s Conrad Ferla “watched the roof of his shore dinner hall fly off and into the parking lot.”

Other Warwick connections include interviews of Warwick historian Henry A. L. Brown, who attended many Rhode Island clam bakes in his day, who also contributed images for the book.

Other notable names include George’s of Galilee (which started as a small lunch room), Champlin’s, Flo’s, Ballard’s, The Hitching Post, Dead Eye Dick’s, Aunt Carrie’s.

Aunt Carrie’s, which is often credited with creating the clam cake, will celebrate its 100th anniversary in 2020.  Stone noted that clam cakes pre-date Aunt Carrie’s, but the restaurant should be credited with refining the clam cake as we know it – although they were called clam fritters. Both Stone and Martin counted the clam cakes at Aunt Carrie’s among their favorites at the recent “clam cake crawl.”

The authors lamented that several clam shacks which could have been included in the book had not responded to queries for information – leading those in attendance at the recent talk asking about the possibility of a Volume II. The book includes ephemera from the personal collections of Stone and Martin, both of whom collect “Rhode Islandiana.”  Stone is currently working on three future book projects, researching information about restaurants of Rhode Island no longer in existence.

Copies of the book are available from and online, or locally at Barnes & Noble Bookstore, or from the authors as they travel around the state. Future talks are listed at Martin’s website,



Memorial Day, 2017: Honoring a Rhode Island civil war veteran

Video of the ceremony

As a volunteer with Find-A-Grave [], I photograph graves of veterans all the time.  Many are marked with a generic military marker of marble or bronze, but some graves of veterans bear only family gravestones, with nothing to designate the deceased as having served our country. Such was the case of a gravestone I photographed in St. Ann Cemetery in Cranston, for Frederick C. Brayton.  He is buried (section O, lot 330) with his wife and several of his children.  Back in October of 2015, I created Find-A-Grave memorials for each, and uploaded photos of the front and back of the stone.

Fast forward to May, 2017. I received an email from a member of the Rhode Island Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War [RISUVCW], Elisha Dyer Camp 7, asking about Frederick C. Brayton (1849-1933).  A member of this group was a descendant of Frederick Brayton, who had served in the Civil War. The group was planning on honoring the veteran during Memorial Day weekend.

According to Peter Sarazin, Camp 7 graves registration officer, Brayton was mustered in on March 7th, 1865 as a Private in Company B, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, and mustered out as a Private on June 12th, 1865 at Providence, Rhode Island.

Additional research revealed that Brayton was a member of Post 4, Grand Army of the Republic [GAR], following the war – the predecessor of Camp 7, SUVCW.


The group held a grave-side ceremony on Saturday, May 27, which included a reading of Brayton’s service, a musket salute and the playing of taps. It turns out Brayton’s brother, Oscar L. Brayton, also a civil war veteran buried in nearby Pocasset Cemetery, has been honored by the group each year, and will once again be honored on Monday, May 29.

St. Ann Cemetery and Pocasset Cemetery were just two of the many stops the Camp 7 SUVCW group – comprised of descendants of civil war veterans – had planned for Memorial Day weekend, which also included several parades.

Attending the ceremony for Frederick Brayton was a nice reminder of what Memorial Day – formerly known as “Decoration Day,” – is really about.

Ensuring a future for Johnston’s historic ‘Wealthy Apple Tree’

Almost as well known as the Mabel Sprague House, located at 216 Morgan Avenue in Johnston, Rhode Island, is a beautiful old tree on the property, known as a ‘wealthy apple tree.’ Anthony Ricci, owner of the house now known as the Andrew Harris House (the name shown on its plaque), recently hosted an event on the property to try to ensure a future for this tree. The event, held on May 6, was sponsored by the Neutaconkanut Hill Conservancy, Inc. [NHC], the Providence Parks Department, The Rhode Island Tree Council, and the Blackstone Heritage Corridor.

The tree, dating back to at least 1880 (it appears in a photo dated that year), has been hallowed out over the years, causing concern for its future. According to Ricci, an NHC board member, the tree is self-pollinating and insect resistant, which may have contributed to its longevity. The groups held an apple grafting workshop during which 30 grafts were created.

“It doesn’t have too many years left,” said Ricci of the tree. Ricci spent several years renovating the house, built in 1768, and has been preserving the surrounding grounds, which include a two-seater outhouse, a barn and a blacksmith shop.

The “Special Walk & Talk” event also featured a talk by John Campanini of the R.I. Tree Council, who described “the perils of heirloom apple trees and efforts to perpetuate their diversity and bounty.” A guided walk to Hipses Rock (an original boundary point of lands given to Roger Williams) and a historical cemetery, also located on the grounds, was offered to participants,

as well as a tour of the recently renovated blacksmith shop.

Despite its age and condition, the apple tree continues to produce fruit every two years, and members of the Johnston Historical Society have made pies from the tree’s apples in past years. The apples themselves are said to taste tart, when uncooked.

The home’s prior owner, Mabel Atwood Sprague who was born in 1913 and last of the Harris and Atwood families, was a longtime member of the Johnston Historical Society before her death in November of 2006. She had an almost encyclopedic knowledge of Johnston and the surrounding area.

And if one special tree wasn’t enough, a white mulberry tree on the property was also named to the 2017 Rhode Island Champion Tree list by the Rhode Island Tree Council.

[with photos by Beth Hurd]

Cranston’s 17th century ‘Major Thomas Fenner House’ oldest dwelling in Providence County


It’s not too hard for Richard Arthur Fenner to imagine how his earliest immigrant ancestors lived – he owns one of their homes. The Major Thomas Fenner House, located off Plainfield Street in Cranston was built in 1677, and Richard Fenner found out about its existence through his genealogical research.

Fenner, who lives in California, is descended from Captain Arthur Fenner (1619 – 1703) who came from England to America in the 1640s. The patriarch built his “house in the woods” about 1655; it was later burned down during King Philip’s War and was rebuilt in 1666. No longer in existence (it had fallen into disrepair and was demolished), it was later known as “Fenner Castle.”

Captain Arthur Fenner, one of the earliest settlers of the area known as Neutaconkanut, built another home less than half a mile away for his son Thomas around the same time of the rebuilding of his own.

Richard Fenner began his research in earnest on the strong foundation of genealogical research completed by his paternal grandmother, Edith (Daniels) Fenner. She had amassed a family tree for her son which included 1200 ancestors – all done before the advent of the Internet.

After a visit to the historic Major Thomas Fenner house in 2001, Fenner contacted the current owner, asking that if ever he ever considered selling the home, to please contact him. The house had been in the hands of descendants until about 1918.

The owners did contact him in 2006, and Fenner, a real estate agent, brought his ancestor’s dwelling back into the family.

“I had to buy it back – unfortunately I bought it on the day Rhode Island real estate market peaked,” he said of the project that has become his passion despite the financial burdens associated with it.

“It was in pretty good shape for a 330-year old home, it was already connected to public water, sewer and underground power lines,” he said. Additional expenses included switching from oil to gas, replacing the roof, insulation, remodeling the kitchen and baths. He also paid to have an archeological excavation done when he was considering developing the three acres with additional 17th Century replica homes.

In May of 2015 he decided to convert the home, which abuts to Stone Pond, to a year round vacation rental in hopes of generating enough income to cover costs.  He furnished the home with a mix of modern colonial and antique furniture and it comfortably sleeps eight guests.  The home is listed on, and under the heading Welcome to the 17th Century.  “The first year has been much better than I would have imagined,” he said.

“Most come because they want to stay in a historic home,” he said, adding that visitors come for a variety of reasons, including graduations, family reunions, weddings, foliage, temporary work assignments and youth sporting events.

There were no toilet facilities in the house until the 1920s – there is a three-seater outhouse still on the property. More modern facilities, including a functional kitchen and washer and dryer have since been added, even air conditioning and wi-fi.

This year, Fenner has been working on the grounds. He had considered adding a 1840s post and beam barn to the property, which he had purchased in upstate New York and had shipped in pieces to Rhode Island.

He points out two massive maple trees behind the home. “I had heard that it used to be a New England tradition for two maple trees to be planted as a wedding gift so that the newly married could would have maple syrup for the rest of their lives,” he explained.

“Originally there was a brook, Fenner Brook,” he said noting that a former owner of the estate dammed the brook to enlarge the pond, using it to harvest ice before the advent of refrigeration.

“There was an ice house on the property – it was destroyed in the Hurricane of ’38,” he added.

The two and a half story house is a known as a “stone-ender,” and the original portion, built in 1677, includes a “great room” or a fire room, with a great room sleeping chamber (each measuring 18 and a half feet square) directly above it. The fireplace measures ten feet in width and is more than three feet in depth and more than five feet high, in which is a “beehive oven.”

The 17-inch wide beam over the hearth is estimated to have come from a tree more than 600 years old. It had, at one point, been boarded over, and once uncovered, revealed early 18th century ‘graffiti’ – chalk markings, which have been preserved and are still visible.

Over the years as the family and number of occupants grew, the southern part of the house was added.

“I warn people who rent, there’s some uneven floors, thresholds of various heights, and some low ceilings,” Fenner said.

The house has alterations and additions that date from about 1835, and a dormer was added in 1939.

The building has a stone foundation cellar, and its large chimney takes up most of the exterior north wall. The floors are of wide planks of hard pine, and most are assumed to be original, according to a study conducted in the 1990s.

In the attic space can be seen clues to the house’s construction; the roof framed of hewn timbers which had been “pit sawn,” are mortised and pegged together – no nails.

The house is listed on the National Registration of Historic Places, the report for which lists the house as “architecturally significant as a very rare surviving example of Colonial post-medieval construction.”

“The original chimney at one time had been plastered over and its crown covered in brick. The restoration of the chimney included rebuilding the crown in field stones, which were lying on the ground below, the restoration based on a photograph of Captain Arthur Fenner’s house taken in the 1880s,” Fenner said. He credits  a previous owner for the beautifully restored stone work.

He points out a small window tucked under the eaves of the roof, noting that it is the last of the original window openings. The  glass in the home’s original windows would have been triangular in shape, as large panes would have broken on the ship’s passage from England. “There is a section of the triangular glass panes from the Fenner Castle at the Rhode Island Historical Society,” he explained.

A plaque on the house features a DAR [Daughters of the American Revolution] emblem.

“His military service was in the King Philip’s War – a number of his descendants were DAR,” Fenner said of Major Thomas Fenner; Fenner also has ties to a Mayflower line that he is researching.

He is a member of a few genealogical organizations, including Descendants of Rhode Island’s Founding Families, Rhode Island Genealogy Network, and is an active contributor to

“I started [doing genealogy] with no training – I had thousands of names before I realized I had to list the sources,” he explained. He found sites such as Family Search and Ancestry useful tools in his research, but has learned that there is much misinformation on the Internet that needs to be sorted through.

He uses Family Tree Maker software, and has been adding his research online, at

He also has a Facebook page called “Fenner cousins,” which includes 800 direct descendants of their immigrant ancestor – not all having the surname Fenner. (The site includes notable Fenners – many Fenners were active in politics, and two Fenners were governors of Rhode Island.)

The house itself is also featured on its own Facebook page.

Fenner said family reunions have been held in various part of the country, but he’s yet to attend one. It’s been suggested the Fenner homestead would be a perfect place to hold one in the future, which is under consideration.

“I have a lot of stuff in here that relates to Fenners,” he said – he has had portraits of several ancestors reproduced to hang in the house. A multi-volume set of “Early Records of Providence” sits on one of the desks. Fenner recently had most of his books on genealogy shipped to the Fenner House.

The property now includes less than three acres, but was originally hundreds of acres in size. Included in the original tract are several small family cemeteries, including the Major Thomas Fenner Lot, Cranston # 40, where Thomas is buried.

Asked about the house’s future, Fenner, who was born in Connecticut and was raised in Massachusetts but has never lived in Rhode Island, has a 30-year old son, who “he hopes someday will take a greater interest in the family history and the house.”

Fenner has thought about forming a non-profit. “I’ve had people who study stonework come here as well as members of different historical societies,” he explained. He is also considering offering tours to groups. This year his emphasis has been on the grounds which he hopes one day will be suitable for events such as hosting weddings on the property.

an additional anecdote from Richard Fenner:

The brook is part of an interesting story from circa 1682.  A Native American maiden came to the door of the Major Thomas Fenner House and asked Mrs. Fenner for a cup of milk.  After receiving the milk she went down to the brook and wove a small basket as a thank you.  The basket remained in the family until 1832 when it was given to the Rhode Island Historical Society where it still resides.

Graniteville’s monuments, descendants assure WWII vets not forgotten

Newer generations make sure Graniteville’s ‘greatest generation’ is not forgotten.

In one of the few states that still celebrates V. J. Day, or Victory Day, as it is now known, the village of Graniteville in Johnston is one of only a few sites to hold annual observances. The 16th annual celebration was held on Saturday, Aug. 13, 2016 in front of the monument on Putnam Pike. The event was sponsored by members of the Graniteville WWII Veterans Foundation.

The village of Graniteville, in the town’s northeast corner, is bordered on two sides by the Woonasquatucket River to the north and east.

The Putnam Pike site was home to a World War I memorial, and later, to a handmade wooden monument in the 1940s during World War II, listing those serving their country. The wooden sign, created by mothers of those serving, was eventually replaced by a large granite monument with a bronze plaque, naming those who made the supreme sacrifice. The current monuments – plural – commemorate all those who served. On the left side of the central monument, “To Honor Those from Graniteville” who served in World War II, and on the right side, “Those who served in Korea.”

One hundred and eighty-six from the small village of Graniteville served during World War II. Of those, eleven would not return home. The eleven names were read during the ceremony, a wreath and flowers laid on the monument in their memory as flags were lowered to half staff and a firing of arms conducted by members of the R.I. National Guard.

Unable to serve during the war due to medical problems, Bob Jackson and the late Del Riley collected news from home to sent to those serving overseas, the monthly newsletters dubbed “Hot Sketches.”  The first issue included lists of service members and their addresses, to encourage correspondence home and to each other.

Living in a home located behind the monument, Jackson’s mother was among those who created the original wooden monument. Bob Jackson attends the event each year, and was present on Aug. 13, joined by his daughter Judy.

“My mother would have the name printed and have it screwed on [to the wooden monument],” he explained. “There’s no more room for any more monuments, they put all the names on it,” he quipped; a small marker next to the monuments commemorates the “Hot Sketches.”

The Foundation, originally comprised of WWII veterans from the village, was formed in 1996. As those numbers continue to dwindle, it is now being continued by a board of trustees, which includes several of the veterans’ descendants. There are very few of the WWII veterans still living, and only a handful in attendance on Saturday, among them Luke Green, now aged 96, who served in England.

The veterans from Graniteville have also been also been memorialized in a book by Sylvia Forrest (wife of Graniteville veteran Fred Forrest) called “Graniteville Went To War,” published in 2000. The book was co-authored by the late Angelo Casale and William C. Northup, Jr., also Graniteville veterans. Casale had brought a folder full of “Hot Sketches” to a 1995 Graniteville School reunion, which sparked Forrest’s interest in assembling the info for the book.

Using the internet and other veterans’ resources, Forrest searched and found many of the veterans, or members of their families, and collected biographical info and anecdotes about their lives before and since the war. The book also includes blurbs from the old war time “Hot Sketches” newsletters.

Two hundred copies of the book were printed, and a copy was presented to each veteran, or a member of the veteran’s family. A copy is available in the reference section of the Marion Mohr Library in Johnston.

Three of those biographies were read at Saturday’s ceremony – among those attending was Sylvia Forrest – describing how their lives were put on hold during the war.  Peter Neri grew up on George Waterman Road, and attended the Graniteville School in 1932 when it was brand new. He recalled “setting pins” at Zeke’s bowling alley. He was 15 when the war broke out, and remembered paper drives and scrap drives. He remembered flags in the windows, and star for each son serving overseas. The youngest in his family, his mother would have three stars, for Anthony, Michael and Peter, now all deceased.

In a reading about Northup, he recalled as a child living on George Waterman Road in Graniteville, one part was largely populated by those of Italian descent (near Our Lady of Grace Church), while the northern part was populated by English, Scotch and Irish. Living during the depression, he noted, “It’s amazing how well you got to know people when you all had the same holes in your shoes.”

Following the war, he wrote, “We were all just Americans who grew up together in Graniteville.”

Forrest, during her search, found veteran Donald J. Proctor far from home – living in San Diego, California. Proctor died in May of 2015, and his son wrote a letter to the Foundation members, describing how his dad had grown up in Graniteville, but had served in the navy on the USS Bugara, a Balao-class submarine [see the USS Bugara’s Wikipedia page to read about its exciting exploits during the war]. Following his discharge in California, Proctor stayed out west, went to college on the GI bill, married and started a family. Later dubbed “the old man,” he would serve a total of 35 years in the submarine reserve division.

“It’s important to remember and share these memories, to learn how the past shaped us,” said John Panicucci, who with Marie Carlino Butera, read the bios.

Following the annual ceremony, attendees were invited to visit the nearby Johnston History Museum, which houses many pieces from the village and from World War II, before attending the annual luncheon, held next door at Emilly’s Restaurant.

photos, also by Beth Hurd:

World War II veteran Luke Green, left, chats with Bob Jackson, co-author of “Hot Sketches,” a monthly newsletter from home sent to those serving overseas during World War II.

At right, Skip Healey, past commander of Balfour-Cole Post 64 American Legion, greets veterans attending the Graniteville World War II Foundation’s annual VJ Day observance held on Saturday, Aug. 13, 2016.

Placing a wreath and flowers on the Graniteville memorial during the annual VJ Day observance are Laura Charnley Panicucci and Marie Carlino-Butera.

Veterans, including Korean War veteran Ralph Charnley, salute the flag during the playing of Taps and the reading of the WWII honor roll during the ceremony.

Author of “Graniteville Went to War” Sylvia Forrest listens as several biographies and anecdotes are read from her book, published in 2000, co-authored by the late Angelo Casale and William C. Northup, Jr.


See my past stories:

‘Graniteville boys’ remember fallen brothers – from 2009,58118

Local veteran recalls when ‘Graniteville Went to War’ – from 2007,26795

“Graniteville World War II Veteran Angelo Casale remembered,” Johnston Insider, 2010

“Graniteville vets celebrate VJ Day, 10th anniversary of Foundation,” Johnston Insider, 2010


and video:

2010 Graniteville WWII Veterans celebrate VJ Day at monument

Book review: “Group f.64” by Mary Street Alinder

my first book review …

Group f.64: Edward Weston, Ansel Adams, Imogen Cunningham, and the Community of Artists Who Revolutionized American Photography
by Mary Street Alinder
NY: Bloomsbury USA, 2014.
hardcover, 296 pages with appendix, notes and index.

What a pleasant surprise to find this new photography history at my local library. I was familiar with most of the main photographers listed as members of Group f.64, but knew nothing of the group or the details of its formation. Alinder, who has authored three books on Ansel Adams and who also had worked as his assistant, has included well-researched and well-documented information on the photographers, their families, their interactions with collectors, museum and gallery directors, as well as the photographers’ aesthetic and technical development. Classified as a biography by my library, the book is richly illustrated throughout, including a special 16-page insert. Alinder notes that the book was 16 years in the making, and writes with great intimacy of her subjects, having met many of the artists.
I would recommend this book to anyone interested in the history of American photography (particularly Group f.64, up to about 1940), and its long road to being accepted as one of the fine arts. I hope to one day add a copy of the book to my personal collection.